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Earth Science

Common Core Standards

Resources

Key Ideas and Details

 
RST.6-8.1 Cite specific textual evidence to support analysis of science and technical texts. tools-icon
RST.6-8.2 Determine the central ideas or conclusions of a text; provide an accurate summary of the text distinct from prior knowledge or opinions. tools-icon
RST.6-8.3 Follow precisely a multistep procedure when carrying out experiments, taking measurements, or performing technical tasks. tools-icon

Craft and Structure

RST.6-8.4 Determine the meaning of symbols, key terms, and other domain-specific words and phrases as they are used in a specific scientific or technical context relevant to grades 6–8 texts and topics. tools-icon
RST.6-8.5 Analyze the structure an author uses to organize a text, including how the major sections contribute to the whole and to an understanding of the topic. tools-icon
RST.6-8.6 Analyze the author’s purpose in providing an explanation, describing a procedure, or discussing an experiment in a text. tools-icon

Integration of Knowledge and Ideas

RST.6-8.7 Integrate quantitative or technical information expressed in words in a text with a version of that information expressed visually (e.g., in a flowchart, diagram, model, graph, or table). tools-icon
RST.6-8.8 Distinguish among facts, reasoned judgment based on research findings, and speculation in a text. tools-icon
RST.6-8.9 Compare and contrast the information gained from experiments, simulations, video, or multimedia sources with that gained from reading a text on the same topic. tools-icon

Range of Reading and Level of Text Complexity

RST.6-8.10 By the end of grade 8, read and comprehend science/technical texts in the grades 6–8 text complexity band independently and proficiently. tools-icon

Writing Standards

Text Types and Purposes

WHST.6-8.1 Write arguments focused on discipline-specific content. tools-icon
a. Introduce claim(s) about a topic or issue, acknowledge and distinguish the claim(s) from alternate or opposing claims, and organize the reasons and evidence logically. tools-icon
b. Support claim(s) with logical reasoning and relevant, accurate data and evidence that demonstrate an understanding of the topic or text, using credible sources. tools-icon
c. Use words, phrases, and clauses to create cohesion and clarify the relationships among claim(s), counterclaims, reasons, and evidence. tools-icon
d. Establish and maintain a formal style. tools-icon
e. Provide a concluding statement or section that follows from and supports the argument presented. tools-icon
WHST.6-8.2 Write informative/explanatory texts, including the narration of historical events, scientific procedures/ experiments, or technical processes.
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a. Introduce a topic clearly, previewing what is to follow; organize ideas, concepts, and information into broader categories as appropriate to achieving purpose; include formatting (e.g., headings), graphics (e.g., charts, tables), and multimedia when useful to aiding comprehension. tools-icon
b. Develop the topic with relevant, well-chosen facts, definitions, concrete details, quotations, or other information and examples. tools-icon
c. Use appropriate and varied transitions to create cohesion and clarify the relationships among ideas and concepts. tools-icon
d. Use precise language and domain-specific vocabulary to inform about or explain the topic. tools-icon
e. Establish and maintain a formal style and objective tone. tools-icon
f. Provide a concluding statement or section that follows from and supports the information or explanation presented. tools-icon
3. (See note; not applicable as a separate requirement) –Students’ narrative skills continue to grow in these grades. The Standards require that students be able to incorporate narrative elements effectively into arguments and informative/explanatory texts. In history/social studies, students must be able to incorporate narrative accounts into their analyses of individuals or events of historical import. In science and technical subjects, students must be able to write precise enough descriptions of the step‐by‐step procedures they use in their investigations or technical work that others can replicate them and (possibly) reach the same results.
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Production and Distribution of Writing

WHST.6-8.4 Produce clear and coherent writing in which the development, organization, and style are appropriate to task, purpose, and audience.
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WHST.6-8.5 With some guidance and support from peers and adults, develop and strengthen writing as needed by planning, revising, editing, rewriting, or trying a new approach, focusing on how well purpose and audience have been addressed. tools-icon
WHST.6-8.6 Use technology, including the Internet, to produce and publish writing and present the relationships between information and ideas clearly and efficiently.
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Research to Build and Present Knowledge

WHST.6-8.7 Conduct short research projects to answer a question (including a self-generated question), drawing on several sources and generating additional related, focused questions that allow for multiple avenues of exploration. tools-icon
WHST.6-8.8 Gather relevant information from multiple print and digital sources (primary and secondary), using search terms effectively; assess the credibility and accuracy of each source; and quote or paraphrase the data and conclusions of others while avoiding plagiarism and following a standard format for citation. CA tools-icon
WHST.6-8.9 Draw evidence from informational texts to support analysis reflection, and research. tools-icon