Unit 7 Introduction and Teacher Notes
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|Essential Question for Unit 7: What is poetry? What makes some poems unforgettable? Why is poetry important?|
|Enduring Understandings: The famous poet William Wordsworth said “Poetry is the spontaneous overflow of powerful feelings;” the equally famous poet Robert Frost wrote “Poetry is a way of taking life by the throat.” While there is more than one definition for poetry, there is a general consensus that poetry is a powerful and meaningful way to communicate. Some poems are unforgettable because the author effectively utilizes poetic structure, form, elements, and sound devices to share their message in a unique way that resonates with audiences all over the world, and throughout time.|
|Notes to teacher: Items in red are for ELL/SPED or struggling students. Items highlighted in yellow are intended primarily for accelerated learners.|
•Recognize characteristics of a variety of forms of poetry, including lyric poetry, elegy, concrete poetry, ode, ballad, dramatic monologue, sonnet, and free verse
•Analyze diction and the impact of word choices on meaning and tone
•Analyze structure and form, including line and stanza
•Analyze figurative language, including metaphor, simile, and personification
•Analyze sound devices, including repetition, alliteration, assonance, onomatopoeia, rhyme, rhythm, and meter
•Utilize reading strategies, including visualizing and connecting
•Make inferences and cite evidence
•Determine a main idea or theme
•Synthesize ideas from multiple sources
•Analyze how characters, including a poem’s speaker, develop and interact
|Writing and Language||
•Write an analysis of a poem
•Write a concrete poem
•Support key ideas with details and quotations
•Use descriptive language effectively; write concisely
•Use participles and participial phrases to add interest to writing
•Use infinitives and infinitive phrases to add interest to writing
|Speaking and Listening||
•Present a literary analysis
|Key Ideas to Teach: Poetry forms including lyric poetry, elegy, ballad, dramatic monologue, ode, sonnet, and free verse; poetic elements and sound devices, imagery, and figurative language|
|Not in a Silver Casket… by Edna St. Vincent Millay|
|I Am Offering This Poem by Jimmy Santiago Baca|
|My Papa’s Waltz by Theodore Roethke|
|I Ask My Mother to Sing by Li-Young Lee|
|Grape Sherbet by Rita Dove|
|Spring is like a perhaps hand by E.E. Cummings|
|Elegy for the Giant Tortoises by Margaret Atwood|
|Today by Billy Collins|
|400-Meter Free Style by Maxine Kumin|
|Boldybuilders’ Contest by Wislawa Szymborska|
|For Poets by Al Young|
|Ode to My Socks by Pablo Neruda|
|egg horror poem by Laurel Winter|
|O What Is That Sound by W.H. Auden|
|The Seven Ages of Man by William Shakespeare|
|The Road Not Taken by Robert Frost|
|U.S. Poet Laureates: Getting the Word Out – Magazine Article|
|The Night Poetry Rocked the House – Magazine Article|
Technology & Media:
|Audio: Pretty Words by Elinor Wylie @ http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=toHgLiqDibk|
|Audio: Fire and Ice by Robert Frost @ http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gPDRxSONu7c|
|Audio: The Bells by Edgar Allen Poe @ http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qd6DoU88TSE|
|Audio: miss rosie by Lucille Clifton (start at 1:56) http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VuUo9Y598Vw|
|Audio: My Papa’s Waltz by Theodore Roethke @ http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Bs8uO5nPgY4|
|Audio: I Ask My Mother to Sing by Li-Young Lee @ http://www.illinois.gov/poetlaureate/Documents/Lee_Sing.mp3|
|Audio: Grape Sherbet by Rita Dove @ http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BNyT3ouLpWE|
|Audio: I Am Offering You This Poem by Jimmy Santiago Baca @ http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Sm7U9BtPXXM&feature=kp|
|Audio: Spring is like a perhaps hand By E.E. Cummings http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZZpdYB8HQ7A|
|Audio: Elegy for the Giant Tortoises Poem by Margaret Atwood @http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IeKrB5i2cH4|
|Audio: Today Poem by Billy Collins @ http://www.openculture.com/2011/04/billy_collins_poetry_brought_to_animated_life.html|
|Audio: Examples of student poetry slams: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=isLtc5lFgf8 & http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=D8eym-7jeo0Ode to My Socks Poem by Pablo Neruda @http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1GOkypeafdM|
|Audio: For Poets Interview with poet Al Young @ http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=J6FbyDZjpXM|
|Audio: egg horror poem by Laurel Winter@ http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zwD0hJO4SYU|
|Audio: What kind of times are these by Adrienne Rich @ http://www.pbslearningmedia.org/resource/pe11.rla.genre.poetry.richtimes/what-kind-of-times-are-these-by-adrienne-rich/|
|Audio: O What is That Sound by W.H. Auden @ http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=my1LRyiUEBI|
|Audio: The Seven Ages of Man by William Shakespeare @ http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fcpZ8ubrsfc|
|Audio: The Road Not Taken by Robert Frost @ http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5hwUrBgZeUA|
Major Writing Task:
|Analysis of a Poem|
Major Speaking Task:
|Presenting a Literary Analysis|
Common Core Standards Addressed
Reading Literature (RL)
RL.1 Cite textual evidence to support analysis of what the text says explicitly as well as inferences drawn from the text
RL.3 Analyze how characters interact and advance the plot.
RL.4 Determine the figurative meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text; analyze the cumulative impact of specific word choices on meaning and tone.
RL.10 Read and comprehend poems.
Reading for Information (RI)
RI.2 Determine a central/main idea of a text and analyze its development, including how it emerges and is shaped and refined by details.
RI. 4 Determine the connotative meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text.
L.1 Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English grammar and usage when writing.
L.1b Use various types of phrases to convey specific meanings and add variety and interest to writing.
L.2c Spell Correctly
L.4 Determine or clarify the meaning of multiple meaning words
L.4c Consult reference materials to determine or clarify a word’s etymology.
L.5 Demonstrate understanding of figurative language, word relationships, and nuances in word meanings
W.1a-b Introduce precise claims, supplying evidence for each.
W.2a-f Write informative/explanatory texts to examine complex ideas through the effective, selection, organization, and analysis of content.
W.4 Produce clear and coherent writing.
W.5 Strengthen writing as needed by revising, editing, rewriting, or trying a new approach, focusing on addressing what is most significant for a specific purpose and audience; Develop and strengthen writing by revising and editing to ensure that it demonstrates the conventions of standard English grammar, usage, and spelling
W.9a Cite textual evidence; analyze the impact of specific words choices on meaning and tone
W.10 Write Routinely over shorter time frames for a range of tasks, purposes, and audiences
Speaking and Listening
SL.4 Presents information clearly, concisely, and logically such that listeners can follow the line of reasoning.
SL.6 Adapt speech to a variety of context and task.
Lessons and Learning Experiences
3 Poems To Analyze
Essential Questions: What is your most vivid memory? How can you best share it with others?
Found in textbook on page 613
I Ask My Mother To Sing by Li-young LeeListen to the poem @ http://www.illinois.gov/poetlaureate/Documents/Lee_Sing.mp3
Grape Sherbet by Rita DoveListen to the Poem @ http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BNyT3ouLpWE
Two Poems To Analyze
Essential Questions: What makes a terrific competitor? What makes a champion, a champion?
400 – Meter Free StylePoem by Maxine KuminPoem found online @ http://teacherweb.com/PA/DallasMiddleSchool/MrsRazavi/400-Meter-Free-Style.pdf
Bodybuilder’s Contest by Wilslawa SzymborskaPoem found online @ http://www.mrhoyesibwebsite.com/Poetry%20Texts/Szymborska/The%20Poems/Bodybuilders%20Contest.htm
3 More Poems To Analyze
Essential Questions: What is the benefit of thinking out of the box? Are you an innovative thinker?
Today Poem by Billy Collins
Billy Collins Poetry brought to animated life@ http://www.openculture.com/2011/04/billy_collins_poetry_brought_to_animated_life.html
3 Additional Poems To Analyze
Essential Questions: What stimulates your imagination? Why is imagination important?
For Poets by Al Young
Interview with the poet: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=J6FbyDZjpXM
Ode to My Socks by Pablo Neruda
Egg Horror Poem by Laurel Winter
Online reading @ http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zwD0hJO4SYU
Oh What Is That Sound
Essential Questions: How can a poem reflect the realities of an era? How can poetry help to capture and preserve history?
Audio version of the poem available @ http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=my1LRyiUEBI
Post Reading Prezi (great tool to help analyze the poem) @ http://prezi.com/x7ih1frlq_jv/o-what-is-that-sound-by-wh-auden/
What Kind of Times Are These Audio Reading @ http://www.pbslearningmedia.org/resource/pe11.rla.genre.poetry.richtimes/what-kind-of-times-are-these-by-adrienne-rich/
Two Poems To Analyze
Essential Questions: If life is a journey, then who’s in control? Do we control our own destinies?
The Seven Ages of Man by William Shakespeare
Audio Reading with Text@ : http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fcpZ8ubrsfc
The Road Not Taken by Robert Frost
Audio Reading with Text @ http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5hwUrBgZeUA