English 9-10 Language


Language Standards Grades 9-10


Conventions of Standard English

L.9-10.1. Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English grammar and usage when writing or speaking. tools-icon
a. Use parallel structure. tools-icon
b. Use various types of phrases (noun, verb, adjectival, adverbial,participial, prepositional, absolute) and clauses (independent,dependent; noun, relative, adverbial) to convey specific meanings and add variety and interest to writing or presentations.  tools-icon
L.9-10.2. Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English capitalization, punctuation, and spelling when writing.  tools-icon
a. Use a semicolon (and perhaps a conjunctive adverb) to link two or more closely related independent clauses. tools-icon
b. Use a colon to introduce a list or quotation.  tools-icon
c. Spell correctly. tools-icon

Knowledge of Language

L.9-10.3. Apply knowledge of language to understand how language functions indifferent contexts, to make effective choices for meaning or style, and to comprehend more fully when reading or listening.  tools-icon
a. Write and edit work so that it conforms to the guidelines in a style manual (e.g., MLA Handbook, Turabian’s Manual for Writers)appropriate for the discipline and writing type. tools-icon

Vocabulary Acquisition and Use

L.9-10.4. Determine or clarify the meaning of unknown and multiple-meaning words and phrases based on grades 9–10 reading and content, choosing flexibly from a range of strategies.  tools-icon
a. Use context (e.g., the overall meaning of a sentence, paragraph, or text; a word’s position or function in a sentence) as a clue to the meaning of a word or phrase.  tools-icon
b. Identify and correctly use patterns of word changes that indicate different meanings or parts of speech (e.g., analyze, analysis, analytical; advocate, advocacy) and continue to apply knowledge of Greek and Latin roots and affixes.  tools-icon
c. Consult general and specialized reference materials (e.g., college-level dictionaries, rhyming dictionaries, bilingual dictionaries, glossaries, thesauruses), both print and digital, to find the pronunciation of a word or determine or clarify its precise meaning, its part of speech, or its etymology.  tools-icon
d. Verify the preliminary determination of the meaning of a word or phrase (e.g., by checking the inferred meaning in context or in a dictionary).  tools-icon
L.9-10.5. Demonstrate understanding of figurative language, word relationships, and nuances in word meanings.  tools-icon
a. Interpret figures of speech (e.g., euphemism, oxymoron) in context and analyze their role in the text.  tools-icon
b. Analyze nuances in the meaning of words with similar denotations.  tools-icon
L.9-10.6. Acquire and use accurately general academic and domain-specific words and phrases, sufficient for reading, writing, speaking, and listening at the college and career readiness level; demonstrate independence in gathering vocabulary knowledge when considering a word or phrase important to comprehension or expression.  tools-icon
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