Kindergarten Language


Kindergarten Language Standards


Conventions of Standard English

L.K.1 Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English grammar and usage when writing or speaking. tools-icon
a. Print many upper- and lowercase letters. tools-icon
b. Use frequently occurring nouns and verbs. tools-icon
c. Form regular plural nouns orally by adding /s/ or /es/ (e.g., dog, dogs; wish, wishes). tools-icon
d. Understand and use question words (interrogatives) (e.g., who, what, where, when, why, how). tools-icon
e. Use the most frequently occurring prepositions (e.g., to, from, in, out, on, off, for, of, by, with). tools-icon
f. Produce and expand complete sentences in shared language activities. tools-icon
L.K.2 Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English capitalization, punctuation, and spelling when writing. tools-icon
a. Capitalize the first word in a sentence and the pronoun I. tools-icon
b. Recognize and name end punctuation. tools-icon
c. Write a letter or letters for most consonant and short-vowel sounds (phonemes). tools-icon
d. Spell simple words phonetically, drawing on knowledge of sound-letter relationships. tools-icon

Knowledge of Language

(L.K.3 begins in grade 2)

Vocabulary Acquisition and Use

L.K.4 Determine or clarify the meaning of unknown and multiple-meaning words and phrases based on kindergarten reading and content. tools-icon
a. Identify new meanings for familiar words and apply them accurately (e.g., knowing duck is a bird and learning the verb to duck). tools-icon
b. Use the most frequently occurring inflections and affixes (e.g., -ed, -s, re-, un-, pre-, -ful, -less) as a clue to the meaning of an unknown word. tools-icon
L.K.5 With guidance and support from adults, explore word relationships and nuances in word meanings. tools-icon
a. Sort common objects into categories (e.g., shapes, foods) to gain a sense of the concepts the categories represent. tools-icon
b. Demonstrate understanding of frequently occurring verbs and adjectives by relating them to their opposites (antonyms). tools-icon
c. Identify real-life connections between words and their use (e.g., note places at school that are colorful). tools-icon
d. Distinguish shades of meaning among verbs describing the same general action (e.g., walk, march, strut, prance) by acting out the meanings. tools-icon
L.K.6 Use words and phrases acquired through conversations, reading and being read to, and responding to texts. tools-icon
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