Reasoning With Equations and Inequalities
|Understand solving equations as a process of reasoning and explain the reasoning.
[Master linear; learn as general principle.]
|HSA-REI.A.1. Explain each step in solving a simple equation as following from the equality of numbers asserted at the previous step, starting
from the assumption that the original equation has a solution. Construct a viable argument to justify a solution method.
|Solve equations and inequalities in one variable. [Linear inequalities; literal equations that are linear in the variables being
solved for; quadratics with real solutions]
|HSA-REI.B.3. Solve linear equations and inequalities in one variable, including equations with coefficients represented by letters.|
|3.1 Solve one-variable equations and inequalities involving absolute value, graphing the solutions and interpreting them in
|HSA-REI.B.4. Solve quadratic equations in one variable.|
|a. Use the method of completing the square to transform any quadratic equation in x into an equation of the form (x – p)2 = q that has the same solutions. Derive the quadratic formula from this form.|
|b. Solve quadratic equations by inspection (e.g., for x2 = 49), taking square roots, completing the square, the quadratic formula, and factoring, as appropriate to the initial form of the equation. Recognize when the quadratic formula gives complex solutions and write them as a ± bi for real numbers a and b.|
|Solve systems of equations. [Linear-linear and linear-quadratic]|
|HSA-REI.C.5. Prove that, given a system of two equations in two variables, replacing one equation by the sum of that equation and a multiple of the other produces a system with the same solutions.|
|HSA-REI.C.6. Solve systems of linear equations exactly and approximately (e.g., with graphs), focusing on pairs of linear equations in two
|HSA-REI.C.7. Solve a simple system consisting of a linear equation and a quadratic equation in two variables algebraically and graphically. For example, find the points of intersection between the line y = –3x and the circle x2 + y2 = 3.|
|Represent and solve equations and inequalities graphically. [Linear and exponential; learn as general principle.]|
|HSA-REI.D.10. Understand that the graph of an equation in two variables is the set of all its solutions plotted in the coordinate plane, often
forming a curve (which could be a line).
|HSA-REI.D.11. Explain why the x-coordinates of the points where the graphs of the equations y = f(x) and y = g(x) intersect are the solutions
of the equation f(x) = g(x); find the solutions approximately, e.g., using technology to graph the functions, make tables of values, or find successive approximations. Include cases where f(x) and/or g(x) are linear, polynomial, rational, absolute value, exponential, and logarithmic functions.
|HSA-REI.D.12. Graph the solutions to a linear inequality in two variables as a half-plane (excluding the boundary in the case of a strict inequality), and graph the solution set to a system of linear inequalities in two variables as the intersection of the corresponding half-planes.|